Nigeria holds the largest number of projects in West Africa with 21 projects (28%), valued at US$54.2bn. This is according to the Africa Construction Trends publication. Here are the largest construction projects in Nigeria and their value.
Lagos – Calabar Coastal Railway – US $11bn
1,400-kilometres long and at the cost of US $11bn, the Lagos-Calabar railway is one of Africa’s most ambitious projects. The rail project will link Lagos in the west to Calabar in the east, while also connecting the cities of Port Harcourt, Uyo, and Aba along the way. Once completed, this transportation network will significantly enhance the movement of goods and services across the region.
Finally, Nigeria has its own smart city. This new coastal city is being built on Victoria Island adjacent to Lagos, Nigeria. It is a focal point for investors capitalizing on rich development growth based on massive demand – and it’s a gateway to emerging markets of the continent.
The proposed Eko Atlantic is expected to accommodate at least 250,000 residents of the city on the project completion. The Eko Atlantic project extending over 9 square kilometres and is also expected to have positive effects in restoring and protecting the state shoreline. At 7km and 40 metres wide, the islands’ walkway will be the longest in the world.
Lagos Light Rail US $1.12 – US $30bn
Lagos Light Rail is a light rail system, the first of its type in this region of Africa, is envisaged to eventually consist of seven lines (Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Purple, Brown and Orange). The scheme is approximately 35-kilometre in length with an estimated ridership of a minimum of 500,000 passengers per day. 14 station locations are proposed.
The Blue Line is now being built by China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation (CCECC) and will run 27.5 km from Marina to Okokomaiko, with 13 stations. Lagos State is financing construction of the Blue Line from its own resources.
World Trade Centre, Abuja – $1bn
The World Trade Centre project is a partnership between the FCT Administration and the First Continental Properties Limited, a subsidiary of Church-gate Investment Limited. This will be the first such centre in West Africa, joining 323 other locations in 89 countries worldwide in the WTC network.
The construction site sits on 6,102 hectares of land along the Constitution Avenue in the Central Business Area that is located at the centre of the city of Abuja. It will be a multi-use complex that will comprise of luxury high rise office towers, luxury residence apartments, conference facilities, shopping malls and entertainment facilities.
The first stage required to be building of two 24 storey towers, one commercial and one residential, which will be joined by future structures such as a 37 storey hotel and a shopping mall.
Lekki Free Trade Zone – $1.2bn
Lekki Free Trade Zone (Lekki FTZ) covers a total area of about 30 square kilometres with 27 square kilometres for urban construction purposes, which would hold a total of 120,000 residents. Approximately 50 kilometres from the city centre of Lagos, the economic capital of Nigeria, Lekki FTZ borders Lekki Lagoon in the north and faces the Atlantic in the south.
Lekki FTZ designed to integrate industries, commerce & business, real estate development, warehousing & logistics, tourism & entertainment etc. A considerable number of construction works will be carried out in the Commercial & Logistics Park, including the international commodities & trade centre, the international exhibition & conversation centre, industrial factories, office buildings, hotels and residential apartment buildings. The Commercial & Logistics Park on the long runs is expected to serve as the logistics and distribution centre of Chinese products in West Africa and represent a service demonstration base for the entire Lekki FTZ.
Abuja Gateway Airport
Rhe Abuja Gateway Airport has been designed to be a stunning solar powered gateway that will have the shape of the traditional Nigerian bow harp; the design connects the new Abuja Airport to the central area on the opposite side of the free-way and comes complete with green roofs, giant solar canopy and bricks made from local laterite clay.
Ehrlich Architect’s design symbolizes the weaving together of the country’s many different people. The sweeping gateway brings together the city of Abuja’s modern atmosphere with the cultural heritage of Nigeria as a whole. The plan features an amphitheatre and public space with a photovoltaic canopy to provide power and shade visitors from the sun. A green roof covers nearby buildings making them melt into the surrounding greenery.
Mambilla hydroelectric power project – $5.8bn
As Nigeria looks to boost its energy production to match the needs of its booming economy and population, the government has finally invested into making the Mambilla Hydroelectric Power Project a reality. The US $5.8bn project will connect to three dams across the Donga River in Taraba State, eventually generating a total installed capacity of 3,050MW of electricity.
Dangote Refinery – 12 billion dollars
Dangote refinery is one of the largest construction projects in Nigeria. It is a 650,000 barrels per day (bpd) integrated refinery and petrochemical project under construction in the Lekki Free Zone near Lagos, Nigeria. It is expected to be the Africa’s biggest oil refinery and the world’s biggest single-train facility, upon completion in 2020.
Dangote Oil Refinery, a company owned by the Nigeria-based Dangote Group, is developing the project with an estimated investment of $12bn.
The Dangote refinery will process a variety of light and medium grades of crude to produce Euro-V quality clean fuels including gasoline and diesel as well as jet fuel and polypropylene.
The integrated refinery and petrochemical project is expected to generate 9,500 direct and 25,000 indirect jobs.
Port of Onne Complex – $2.7 billion
The Port of Onne Complex contains two major terminals: the Federal Ocean Terminal and the Federal Lighter Terminal. The Federal Ocean Terminal has 750 meters of quay and three births. Work is underway that will bring the total length to 1500 meters and the number of berths to six.
The Federal Lighter Terminal has 1670 meters and four berths operated by Intels. The berths have been repaired and deepened to eight meters to accommodate some larger vessels.
The Port of Onne is an Oil and Gas Free Zone by Federal decree. Today, over 110 companies operate in the zone that have made significant contributions to Nigeria’s economy through their businesses of pipe-coating, selling pipes, treating waste, and building boats as well as other activities. The port is expected to cost $2.7 billion to construct.
Lagos – Badagry Expressway Expansion Project[ – $1.9 billion
The Lagos-Badagry Expressway is the local name for the Nigerian section of the Trans–West African Coastal Highway.The expressway connects Lagos, Nigeria with Dakar, Senegal.
Extensive reconstruction of the Lagos portion of the expressway began in 2010.When those renovations are completed the Lagos portion of the expressway will be widened from four lanes to ten lanes for road vehicles and a new mass transit line will operate in the median. Two of the expressway’s lanes are intended to be exclusively used by the Lagos Bus Rapid Transit System. Construction work is expected to cost $1.9 billion.
Lagos – Ibadan Railway Project – $1.53 billion
Lagos – Ibadan Railway Modernisation Project is a section of the greater Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway.
A $1.53 billion contract was awarded in 2012 to the China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation for construction of the Lagos–Ibadan segment (156 km) of the standard gauge railway by 2016. However, the project has also faced delays.
A ground-breaking ceremony finally took place on 7 March 2017, and the railway is scheduled for completion in December 2020. Set to cost $1.5 billion, the Lagos – Ibadan Railway Modernisation Project is among the largest construction projects in Nigeria.
Centenary City, Abuja – $18 billion
Centenary City is the largest and most expensive construction project in Nigeria. It is estimated to cost $18 billion to construct.It is a planned city, located in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria. Centenary City is a master-planned development overseen by Centenary City Developers FZE, in a joint venture agreement with Centenary City PLC and Front Range Developers FZE, as part of Nigeria’s vision to create the city of the future smart city along the same lines as Dubai, Monaco and Singapore.
The city is to be built from scratch on a 1,260 hectares of virgin land located several kilometres southeast of Nigeria’s capital, Abuja and five kilometers from the International Airport.
The City will have a mixed-use urban centre, a central business district, a financial centre, a museum and cultural centre to promote African and global arts, world-class hotels, Grade A offices, residential districts, an 18-hole golf course, polo and country club, an international convention center, sports and leisure facilities, a safari Park, educational institutions, healthcare and community amenities.It is to be private-sector driven.
Centenary City has been declared an Economic City and approved for Free Trade Zone (FTZ) status by Nigeria Export Processing Zone Authority (NEPZA).
4th Mainland Bridge, Lagos – 2 billion dollars
2nd Niger Bridge, Onitsha – 700 million dollars